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Solar Power Shingles: Bright Idea or Bad Investment?
"Unisolar shingles are unique and have been honored with the prestigious Popular
Science Grand Award,
Best of What’s New, and Discover Magazine’s Technological
Innovation Award
for best innovation."

It's hard to argue with Popular Science, but exceptional technology doesn't always
guarantee an exceptional return on your investment.

To illustrate this point, let's take a look at an actual solar shingled roof installed on a
1200 sq. ft. home in Ann Arbor, Michigan.

Here's a breakdown of the components and the cost for each:

    84 Uni-Solar SHR-17 solar shingles: $8685.  One shingle is 84" long comprised
    of (12) 7" tabs that resemble individual shingles. The total output of this system
    is 1428 watts, or 1.4 kw (84 shingles x 17 watts).

    Outback FX2548 Inverter, 49-volt DC to 120-volt AC, 2500 watt $1640
         "      FXA Adapter Kit: $109.65
         "      PS2MP mounting plate: $103.20
         "      HUB-4 Communications Manager: $165.75
         "      RTS Remote Temperature Sensor: $24.65
         "      MX60 Maximum Power Point Tracking Charge Controller: $499
         "      PS2AC-50D AC disconnect box: $305
         "      PS2DC-100 DC disconnect box: $260
         "      Mate Remote Monitor and Control: $235
                Shipping for above items: $149.17
                      
    Total cost for solar specific hardware: $12176.42

In addition to the solar specific hardware,  the system uses 8 - 530 amp, 6 volt
batteries at $232 each for an additional $1856 plus shipping. By the way, these
batteries are shipped "wet" and weigh 127 pounds each.

The investment so far is hovering around $14,000 before the cost of installation.

Assuming you're an experienced do-it-your-selfer, you could probably lay the shingles
and wire them together. But the services of a licensed electrician would be required to
interconnect all the components and make the final connection. Figure on $500 for the
electrician.

The installation cost now brings the grand total to somewhere around $14,500. When
you subtract the maximum Federal Tax Credit of $2,000 the net out of pocket cost is
$12,500. This works out to around $9 per watt ($12,500/1,400 watts).

Let's see how much supplemental power is generated and what the resulting cost
savings are from $12,500 invested in solar shingles.

According to the homeowner, the average output from the solar shingle system is 4.7
kWh (kilowatt hours) per day, or 143 kWh a month. The rate charged for electricity in
Ann Arbor, Michigan is $0.11 per kWh. If we multiply $0.11 x 143 kWh, the result is
monthly savings of $15.73, or $189 annually. At this rate, the system would surpass
its useful life before it came anywhere near to paying for itself.

Here's another way to look at it. If you amortize the cost of the system (after rebates)
over 20 years ($625 per year) and divide that by the annual production in watts
(1716) it is costing the homeowner about $0.36 per kWh to generate his own
electricity - or roughly 3 times what the utility charges.

It's unfortunate that this home owner's enthusiasm wasn't matched by a similar
commitment from the State of Michigan. As of this writing, the State of Michigan offers
no incentives or rebates for residential alternative energy upgrades.

Now: 2013
Solar Shingles Then and Now
Ed. note: First up is the original
solar shingle article written in
2007. Afterwards is an update
outlining the changes that have
occurred in the solar shingle
industry that have led to
improved efficiencies and lower
cost.  

There's no shortage of praise
for Unisolar's new
solar power
shingle
technology, especially
from their own web site.
dow power house wireless solar shingles
Increased financial incentives
Michigan solar power rebates are now handled through the major energy company
WPPI Energy, which also services the states of Wisconsin and Iowa.

Installations on pre-existing buildings undertaken by a non-certified installer, as was
the case here, would have qualified the homeowner for a $2/kWh rebate, or $3,432.

In total, twenty seven states and several cities now offer incentives in additon to the
federal tax credit that reduce your final cost even more. For more information check out
the Database of State Incentives for Renewables and Efficiency (
DSIRE/Solar)

Also, the federal tax credit for solar was increased from a maximum of $2,000 to 30%
of the total cost with no spending cap. This would have resulted in a credit of $4350 vs
$2,000 on the example installation for a grand total of $7,782 in state and federal
incentives. - an increase of $5,782.

More efficient solar shingles
Alas, the Unisolar shingles described here have been discontinued. And for good
reason. Who wants a solar shingle that produces a measly 17 watts when you have
shingles sold by Dow Power House and Certain Teed that produce 54 watts each, are
twice as efficient, and half the size?

Costs for all types of solar electric systems have plummeted by 45%
The total cost of installation has also dropped dramatically (after incentives) from $9
per watt a few years ago to an average of $5 per watt today.

Typical residential photovoltaic arrays range in size from two to four kilowatts — which
would be large enough to offset 20%–70% of an average home’s energy consumption.
At $5 per watt, after incentives, a 2kw system would cost around $10,000 and a 4kw
system $20,000.

Net metering
If you remember, the  Michigan homeowner also spent just under $2,000 for a battery
system to store excess power generated by the solar shingles. Now, with the
availability of net metering, excess power generated by the shingles is sold back to the
power company which accomplishes the same end as battery storage but without the
up front cost.

Other benefits of solar powered systems are added value to your home without
incurring additional local property tax assessments and, in many states, a 100%
exemption from sales tax on renewable energy technologies.

For more information on sizing a system for your home and estimating the cost please
see
Residential Solar System Cost, also on this site.
What a difference a few years has made in
the cost, quality, and efficiency of solar
shingles.

Had the home owner in our example waited
just a few more years he could have saved
thousands of dollars on his system with  
more efficient solar shingles, increased
state and federal rebates, and the benefit
of net metering.
Dow PowerHouse solar shingles are wireless
and snap together.